Your Finishing glossary

8 January 2018

Finishing is the theme this year at Interfilière Paris. Find it our on The Exception and during our conferences.
Be well-prepared with this litte glossary of the main finishing processes!

 

CALANDERING : Industrial pressing. Effected by passing the cloth between dry heated rollers in the case of woven fabrics or by steaming in the case of knitted fabrics.

WAXING : The application of wax to make the fabrics more glossy.

STARCHING : The application of starch to make the fabrics more glossy.

RAISING, TEASLING : Ruffle the surface of a material by using metallic brushes.

EMERISING : Ruffle the surface of a material by rubbing the fabric against some form of emery cloth.

FULLING, FELTING : Entangle wool fibres using mechanical action.

SHEARING : Some velvets or loop knits can be sheared to even out the length of the pile.

DECATIZING, SHRINKING, THERMOFIXATION : Treatments that improve the wearing of the fabrics, especially with respect to their dimensional stability.

SANFORISE : A patented process used to preshrink a fabric.

“WASH AND WEAR” or “PERMANENT PRESS” : The application of a resin to improve the anti-wrinkling property.

HYDROPHOBIC : Modification of the behaviour in contact with water to make the garment water-proof but not air-proof.

IMPERVIOUS : Modification of the behaviour in contact with water to make the fabric water and air-proof.

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